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英语无被动语态的及物动词归纳
08-12-27 | www.ningbotutor.com | From: 网络 View:

   

 英语无被动语态的及物动词归纳
  英语的被动语态是由be+及物动词的过去分词构成。有人认为似乎所有的及物动词都可转换成相应的被动语。其实不然,至少在某种意义上,有些及物动词不能用于被动语态。
 
一、当句子的谓语是表示“拥有”、“容纳”、“缺少”概念的及物动词时。例如: 
1.The millionaire possesses great wealth.这位百万富翁拥有大量的财富。 
不能说:Great wealth is possessed by the millionaire. 
2.The newly-constructed reservoir holds a lot of water.新水库蓄水量很大。 
不能说:A lot of water is held by the newly-constructed reser-voir. 
3.The house comprises five rooms.这幢房子有五个房间。 
不能说:Five rooms are comprised by the house. 
4,John Smith always lacks confidence.约翰·史密斯总是缺乏自信心。 
不能说:Confidence is always lacked by John Smith. 
 
二、当句子的谓语是表示“适合”的及物动词,如suit,become,fit等时,没有相应的被动语态。
 
1.The blue skirt becomes Mary very well.这条蓝裙子玛丽穿上去很合适。 
不能说:Mary is become very well by the blue skirt. 
2.Will the date suit you?这个日子对你合适吗? 
不能说:Will you be suited by the date? 
3.We should fit our deeds to our words.我们应该言行一致。 
不能说:Our deeds should be fitted to our words by us. 
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三、当句子的谓语是表示“相互作用”的及物动词,如:equal,mean,resemble等时。 
1.No one equals him in intelligence.他的智力是无与伦比的。 
不能说:He is equaled by no one in intelligence. 
2.Revolution means liberating productive force.革命就是解放生产力。 
不能说:Liberating productive force is meant by revolution. 
3.The two boys resemble each other in appearance.这两个男孩长得相似。 
不能说:Each other is resembled by the two boys in appearance.

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