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十大动词精讲-keep
08-12-27 | www.ningbotutor.com | From: 网络 View:

   

 

keep

keep  vt., vi.   kept, keeping

 保留;保守     I keep old letters.我保存旧信。

                   I''ll keep the original copy of your report on file.我会把你报告的原件归档的。

    It''s an interesting suggestion and we''ll keep it on ice."这是一项有趣的建议,我们将留待以后考虑采用。"

 保持;继续

     We will keep on trying and, if we get anything done, will notify you.我们将继续努力,有结果将通知你。

      Leaders shouldn''t keep themselves aloof from the masses.领导人决不应该脱离群众。

      Keep calm!安静!

      You shouldn''t keep chopping and changing like this; you''d better make up your mind right now!

       "你不能再这样变化无常了,最好现在就拿定主意!"

 遵守   He keeps to his promise.他守约。

        "Everyone should keep discipline, and you, officers are no exception."

            "每个人都应该遵守纪律,你们军官也不例外。"

  保卫;保护  Keep the baby warm.别把婴儿冻着。(常与from连用)防止;抑制

            Keep one''s temper 抑制住不发脾气。 Keep a curb on your anger.请抑制住怒气。

  扣留;留下   Please keep me a place in the queue.请在队里给我留个位置。

  赡养;饲养  to keep a dog养狗

             Farmers usually keep chickens in their backyard. 农民们通常在自己的后院养鸡。

  经营;经销;管理to keep a shop

  开商店 to keep house

  治家(常与from连用)远离;不接触  Keep away from the scene of the accident.勿靠近事故现场。

            "Their dog looked dangerous, so we decided to keep our distance from it."

                     "他们家那条狗样子很凶恶,因此我们决定离它远一点。"

           But the stone walls keep the farmer''s cows from joining his neighbor''s cows.

                              但是石头墙使这家农民的母牛不会加入到邻居的牛群中去。

  庆祝;纪念to keep Christmas庆祝圣诞节

  防卫;防守to keep a town against the enemy守城御敌

        The police are keeping / standing guard over the house.警察正派人守护着这幢房子。

  保密;不说   You are keeping something from me.你对我保密。

【习惯用语】keep one''s distance远离;保持远距离

             The deer did not trust us and kept their distance.鹿不相信我们,和我们保持一定的距离。

         keep time走时准确         Does your watch keep time?你的表走得准吗?

         keep up with the Joneses赶时髦;与他人攀比

         keep watch留意;注意;守望

【词性变化】keep  n.  生计   to earn one''s keep谋生

【习惯用语】for keeps永远地;永久地   This gold medal is yours for keeps.这个金牌永远属于你。

【常用词组】

   keep at坚持做,不放弃

   keep away使离开,使站开

   keep back阻止,阻挡        The police tried to keep the crowd back from the injured man.

警察试图挡住人群,不让他们靠近受伤的人

            隐瞒,保留   He can keep nothing back from his friends.他向朋友什么也瞒不住。

           扣下;留下The boss keeps back $50 a month towards my uniform.老板每月扣我50美元服装费。

   keep down控制,压制

             They are taking steps to keep down the rabbit population.他们采取步骤控制兔子的繁殖增长。

      卧下;蹲下;不举起Keep down — they''re shooting at us!趴下,他们向我们开枪呢。

      咽下;不吐出  I feel ill, doctor, and I can''t keep any food down.大夫,我病了,咽不下任何东西。

      压低声音

   keep in with和…保持友谊

   keep off避开;不接近   Keep off the grass!请勿践踏草地!

              My doctor has warned me to keep off sugar. 我的医生劝我别吃糖。

              Keep your dog off me.把你的狗从我这儿拿开!

           "Keep off oil, or else it will perish your rubber boots.""不要碰油,否则会把你的橡胶鞋弄坏的。"

   keep on继续;保持

              He just kept on writing.他正在继续写。(与at连用)纠缠

   keep out关在门外;不准入内 to keep the smoke out不让烟进来

              This coat keeps out the wind.这大衣挡风。

   keep out of躲开;置身于…之外Do you try to keep out of trouble!你得躲开这麻烦。

              Keep out of the sun.避免日照。

              Keep out of mischief.不要再捣蛋了。

   keep to坚持;保持;不离开He always keeps to his promises.他总是说话算数的。

                            We kept to the roads we knew.我们不离开我们认识的路。

   keep to oneself对…守口如瓶   He kept his conclusions to himself.他对他的结论守口如瓶。

   keep up继续;坚持

             If this rain keeps up the garden will be ruined.如果这雨继续下,花园就完蛋了。

        保持;维持The high cost of materials keeps up prices.材料的昂贵费用使价格居高不下。

              Keep your chin up!不要气馁!;不要灰心!

  keep up with跟上;不落后;赶上

              Don''t run — I can''t keep up with you.别跑了,我赶不上你了。

              Are wages keeping up with inflation?工资跟得上通货膨胀吗?

  近义词:  conserve   guard   have   hold   maintain   preserve   protect   save   tend

  反义词:  break

上三个词 keenly    keenness   keeno

 下三个词keep a book   keep a calm sough   keep a check on

 

 

 

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