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一定要知道的英语语法精华
08-12-27 | www.ningbotutor.com | From: 网络 View:

   

一定要知道的英语语法精华

  宁波外教网
形容词(一):

 
1. 形容词的位置:
 
代名形容词+数量形容词+性状形容词+名词j@
 
再细分如下:
 
1放在冠词前的形容词(all, both, such...)+2冠词、指示形容词、所有形容词、不定形容词(the, a, an, this, that, your, some, any...)+3序数(first, second...)+4基数(one, two...)+5性质、状态(kind, fine, good...)+6大小、长短、形状(large, small, big...)+7新旧、温度(old, new, hot...)+8颜色(red, blue...)+9国籍(Chinese, English, Japanese...)+10材料(iron, brick, stone...)+11名词、动名词(boy, house...)
 
2. some和any的用法:
 
(1)两者修饰可数单数名词,表某一个;任何一个; 修饰可数复数名词和不可数名词,表一些;有些。
 
〔2)一般的用法:some用于肯定句;any用于疑问句,否定句或条件句。
 
I am looking for some matches.
 
Do you have any matches? I do not have any matches.
 
(3)特殊的用法:
 
(A) 在期望对方肯定的回答时,问句也用some。
 
Will you lend me some money? (=Please lend me some money.
 
(B) any表任何或任何一个时,也可用于肯定句。
 
Come any day you like.
 
(4)some和any后没有名词时,当做代名词, 此外两者也可做副词。
 
Some of them are my students.〔代名词) 
 
Is your mother any better?(副词)
 
3. many和much的用法:
 
〔1)many修饰复数可数名词,表许多; much修饰不可数名词,表量或程度。
 
He has many friends,  but few true ones.
There hasn''t been much good weather recently.
 
(2)many a:
 
many a和many同义,但语气比较强,并且要与单数名词及单数形动词连用。
 
Many a prisoner has been set free. (=Many prisoners have been set free.
 
〔3〕as many和so many均等于the same number of。 前有as,  like时,  只用so many。
 
These are not all the books I have. These are as many more upstairs.
 
They worked like so many ants.
 
(4)as much等于the same amount of, 表同量和同一事情。
 
He bought two pounds of sugar and as much tea. 〔同量)
 
I was not in the least surprised, for I had fully expected as much. 〔同

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