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怎样分辨would与used to在用法上的异同
08-12-27 | www.ningbotutor.com | From: 网络 View:

   

怎样分辨wouldused to在用法上的异同

  Wouldused to都可用来表示过去经常性或习惯性的动作,常常可以换用。如:
  (1When we were boys we used to/would go swimming every summer.
  小时候,每到夏天我们都要去游泳。

  (2He used to/would spend every penny he earned on books
  过去,他通常把挣来的钱全花在买书上。

  Wouldused to都不能用来表示动作发生的具体频度或具体的一段时间。例如,不能说
  (3 I would/used to go to France six times
  (4He used to live in Africa for twenty years

  上两句应改成
  (5I went to France six times
  我去过法国6次。
  (6He lived in Africa for twenty years.
  他在非洲住过20年。


  Wouldused to的区别主要有以下几点:

  IUsed to可指过去的状态或情况,would则不能。如:
  (7School children used to know the story of how Abraham Lincoln walked five miles to return a penny he''d overcharged a customer.(不能用would
  过去,学校的孩子们都知道亚伯拉罕·林肯怎样步行5英里退还多收顾客的1便士的故事。
  (8Yethe cannot but remember China as it used to be
  然而,他不会不记得旧日的中国(不能用would)。

  IIWould表示反复发生的动作。如果某一动作没有反复性,就不能用 would,只能用 used to例如:
  (9 And from that day onas soon as the table was cleared and the dishes were gone. Mother would disappear into her sewing room to practice.
  从那天起,只要碗盘撤掉、饭桌一清理干净,妈妈就马上躲进做针线活的房间练习起来。(具有反复性)

  (10I used to live in Beijing
  我过去住在北京。(没有反复性)

  IIIUsed to表示过去经常性或习惯性的动作或状态现在已经结束,would则表示有可能再发生。如:
  (11People used to believe that the earth was flat
  过去,人们总以为地球是扁平的。(现在已不再这样认为)
  (12He would go to the park as soon as he was free
  过去,他一有空就去公园。(现在有可能再去)

  注意:used to的否定式和疑问句:
  (13)过去我不喜欢歌剧。

  I used not to like opera
  I usedn''t to like opera
  I didn''t use to like opera
  (14)过去你喜欢歌剧吗?
  used you to like opera
  Did you use to like opera
  (15Didn''t you use to like opera
  你过去不喜欢歌剧吗?
  (16You used to like opera, didn''t you
  你过去喜欢歌剧,是吗?
  (17There used to be a church hereusedn''t there
  过去这里有座教堂,是不是?

 

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