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06年高考英语书面表达技巧指南(六)
08-12-27 | www.ningbotutor.com | From: 网络 View:

   

㈥如何提高书面表达的档次,争取得高分甚至满分?

  不少同学们可能很不理解:考试时,写出的书面表达要点齐全,表达也正确,可就是不知道为什么打不上高分。是啊,为什么呢?今天,我们就来研究如何解决这个问题。

  首先让我们来看近年来全国高考英语书面表达的评分标准:第五档(很好):“覆盖所有主要内容;应用了较多的语法结构和词汇;语法结构或词汇方面有些许错误,但为尽力使用较复杂结构或较高级词汇所致;应用简单的语句间的连接成分,使全文结构紧凑;达到了预期的写作目的。”

  可见,高考书面表达评分标准在语言的运用上对考生提出了更高的要求。也就是说在考查考生语言准确性的基础上,进一步强调了用词的得体性、表达方式的多样性。如果同学们仅运用基础的词汇和基本的句型,不能体现出较强的语言运用能力,即使要点齐全,表达没有语法错误,也不能给人一种含金量高的审美享受,因此很难在考试的评分中得到较高档次。评分标准给我们传递了另外一个信息,如果有意识地使用较高级词汇或复杂结构,即使有些错误,也不扣分,仍属于最高档次。

  因此要使一个平淡的文章变得丰富起来,从而提高书面表达的档次。我认为同学们应着力于从以下三个方面来增强书面表达的效果。

  ⒈学会使用较高级的词汇

  词汇反映你知识贮存量的多少,也是衡量英语水平的一个重要标志。从评分标准可知,运用高级的词汇对提高书面表达的分数至关重要。大家先来看下面这些句子:

  ⑴Because the weather was good, our journey was comfortable.
  Thanks to the good weather, our journey was comfortable.

  ⑵We all think he is a great man.
  We all think highly of him.

  ⑶Suddenly I thought out a good idea.  …came upon …
  A good idea occurred to me. /A good idea suddenly struck me.
 
  ⑷The students there needn’t pay for their books.
  Books are free for the students there.

  ⑸As a result the plan was a failure.
  The plan turned out (to be) a failure.

  ⑹When she heard he had died, she went pale with sorrow.
  At the news of his death, she went pale with sorrow.

  ⑺She went to Austria in order to study music.
  She went to Austria for/with the purpose of studying music.

  ⑻When he spoke, he felt more and more excit

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